Ratu Boko temple located in Bokoharjo, Sleman district. The site covers 16 hectares in two hamlets (Dawung and Sambirejo) of the village of Bokoharjo and Prambanan. The location is approximately 17 kilometers from the east of Yogyakarta. To get to the Ratu Boko Temple, take the minor road from Prambanan towards Piyungan for less than half an hour and you will easily find the temple. If you use public vehicles, take the bus (trans Jogja ) lane 1A or 1B, get off at the Prambanan bus station. You only need to pay IDR 3,000/each person. From the bus station, you can continue to go to Ratu Boko Temple by taxi bike.
Ratu Boko temple is an archaeological site known to modern Javanese as Kraton Ratu Boko or Ratu Bokos Palace. This temple not only used as a place of worship but also a stronghold. Ratu Boko Temple located in 196 meters above sea level. Area of the palace as wide as 250,000 m2 divided into four, namely center, west, southeast, and east parts. The center part consists of the main gateway, square, Combustion Temple, pond, square terrace, and Paseban (assembly hall). Meanwhile, in the southeast part includes hall, platform, three temples, pond, and a complex for princes. The caves, Buddha effigy, and a pond area are in the east part. While in the west part consists of hills only.
Ratu Boko temple founded in the Rakai Panangkaran era. It was proven by the existence of Kalasan Inscription (Prasasti Kalasan) in 779 AD, Mantyasih Inscription (Prasasti Mantyasih) in 907 AD, and Wanua Middle III Inscription (Prasasti Wanua Tengah III) in 908 AD. Rakai Panangkaran is a Buddhist follower; however, in Ratu Boko temple we can see the elements of Hinduism that worship of Siwa. Based on the expert, it proves that there is a religious tolerance at that time.
History Of Ratu Boko Temple
Ratu Boko Temple used as a stronghold from the attack of Rakai Walaing Puhuyaboni. As a result of the Battle, several parts of Ratu Boko temple were damaged. The restoration of Ratu Boko began after the Dutch colonialism in 1938 and then continued by the government since 1952.
As a heritage building, this ancient temple also provides beautiful scenery. In Plaza Andrawina, we can see the city of Yogyakarta and Prambanan temple with Mount Merapi as the background on the north side. At dusk, shade around the temple will be more beautiful with orange tusk of sunset. Meanwhile, there is the well namely Amerta Mantana (means holy water given a mantra) in the northeast side of Combustion Temple. The water from this well still used until now by local people. They said that the water can bring luck to the wearer. The Hindus use it for Tawur Agung ceremony a day before Nyepi. This water used intended for purify the soul and returning the earth and its contents to its initial harmony. Plaza Andrawina also used as restaurant and meeting room that can accommodate about 500 people. The administrator provides campsite and tracking, archaeological education packages, and tour guides. This location also used for taking pre-wedding photos and shoot ads.
The entrance ticket is IDR 10,000/each person, for enjoying the sunset we need to pay IDR 35,000 with parking ticket IDR 5,000. Ratu Boko temple only 2 kilometers from Prambanan Temple, there are free shuttle facilities from Prambanan-Ratu Boko and Ratu Boko-Prambanan. Each shuttle departs every 15 minutes so you wont have to wait long. Meanwhile, for the group of student or college need to pay entrance ticket IDR 5,000.